Spice of life dating
A spice may be available in several forms: fresh, whole dried, or pre-ground dried. A whole dried spice has the longest shelf life, so it can be purchased and stored in larger amounts, making it cheaper on a per-serving basis.
A fresh spice, such as ginger, is usually more flavorful than its dried form, but fresh spices are more expensive and have a much shorter shelf life.
Sailing from Eastern spice cultivators to Western European consumers gradually replaced the land-locked spice routes once facilitated by the Middle East Arab caravans.
the most common being black pepper, cinnamon (and the cheaper alternative cassia), cumin, nutmeg, ginger and cloves.
Sometimes, spices may be ground into a powder for convenience. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.
He was specifically looking for spices to put in wine, and was not alone among European monarchs at the time to have such a desire for spice.In 1506, he took the island of Socotra in the mouth of the Red Sea and, in 1507, Ormuz in the Persian Gulf.Since becoming the viceroy of the Indies, he took Goa in India in 1510, and Malacca on the Malay peninsula in 1511.The flavor of a spice is derived in part from compounds (volatile oils) that oxidize or evaporate when exposed to air.Grinding a spice greatly increases its surface area and so increases the rates of oxidation and evaporation.
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Indonesian merchants traveled around China, India, the Middle East, and the east coast of Africa.